Radiographic Hip Osteoarthritis is prevalent, and is related to Cam deformity 12-24 months post-hip Arthroscopy
International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy , Volume 13 - Issue 2 p. 177- 184
Background The prevalence of radiographic hip osteoarthritis (OA), and its relationship with outcomes after hip arthroscopy is unclear. Objectives The aims of this study were to: (i) describe the prevalence of OA and cam deformity 12-24 months post hip arthroscopy; (ii) to determine the association between radiographic OA and cam deformity, surgical and clinical findings and symptoms; and (iii) describe the differences between legs for radiological and clinical findings. Study Design Cross sectional study Methods Seventy patients, mean age 36.7(range 18-59) years, 12-24 months post-arthroscopy. Main outcome measures Outcomes were collected prospectively via clinical and radiographic examination. (i)Prevalence of OA and cam deformity measured on and anteroposterior pelvic radiographs; (ii)Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) and International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33) patient-reported outcomes (PROs); (iii)hip internal and external rotation range of motion (ROM). Associations between OA and surgical findings, PROs and clinical findings were determined using generalized estimated equations, between operated and non-operated sides. Results The prevalence of OA was 37%. The likelihood of OA 12-24 months after surgery was positively associated with alpha angle size 12-24 months post-hip arthroscopy surgery (p=0.010). There were no differences between operated and non-operated legs in radiographic or clinical findings. Conclusion Radiographic OA is prevalent in a population which has undergone hip arthroscopy. Increased OA severity is associated with a higher alpha angle 12-24 months post-surgery.