Background and purpose: To protect against any potential adverse effects to human health from localised exposure to radio frequency (100 kHz–3 GHz) electromagnetic fields (RF EMF), international health organisations have defined basic restrictions on specific absorption rate (SAR) in tissues. These exposure restrictions incorporate safety factors which are generally conservative so that exposures that exceed the basic restrictions are not necessarily harmful. The magnitude of safety margin for various exposure scenarios is unknown. This shortcoming becomes more critical for medical applications where the safety guidelines are required to be relaxed. The purpose of this study was to quantify the magnitude of the safety factor included in the current basic restrictions for various exposure scenarios under localised exposure to RF EMF. Materials and methods: For each exposure scenario, we used the lowest thermal dose (TD) required to induce acute local tissue damage reported in literature, calculated the corresponding TD-functional SAR limits (SARTDFL) and related these limits to the existing basic restrictions, thereby estimating the respective safety factor. Results: The margin of safety factor in the current basic restrictions on 10 g peak spatial average SAR (psSAR10g) for muscle is large and can reach up to 31.2. Conclusions: Our analysis provides clear instructions for calculation of SARTDFL and consequently quantification of the incorporated safety factor in the current basic restrictions. This research can form the basis for further discussion on establishing the guidelines dedicated to a specific exposure scenario, i.e. exposure-specific SAR limits, rather than the current generic guidelines.

Additional Metadata
Keywords basic restrictions, functional SAR limits, Localized electromagnetic exposure, safety factor, thermal dose thresholds
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/02656736.2018.1424945, hdl.handle.net/1765/114260
Journal International Journal of Hyperthermia
Citation
Adibzadeh, F, Paulides, M.M, & van Rhoon, G.C. (2018). SAR thresholds for electromagnetic exposure using functional thermal dose limits. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 34(8), 1248–1254. doi:10.1080/02656736.2018.1424945