Botnets, banking malware and other high-tech crimes are increasingly analyzed by criminological scholars. Their distributed and automated nature poses however various theoretical challenges. This article presents an alternative approach, denoted as the ‘cyborg crime’ perspective, which adopts a more hybrid view of networks and also assigns an active role to technology. The value of this approach is demonstrated by reflecting on findings from earlier empirical work that analyzes conversations between cybercriminals involved in botnets and related activities. The research shows that technological nodes can take an important position in the organizational structure of cybercriminal networks and do not merely have a functional role. Viewing technology as an actor within a criminal network might offer new criminological insights in both the composition of these networks and how to disrupt them.

Justitiële Verkenningen

van der Wagen, W., & Bernaards, F. (2018). De ‘non-human (f)actor’ in cybercrime. Cybercriminele netwerken beschouwd vanuit het ‘cyborg crime’ - perspectief. Justitiële Verkenningen, 44(5). doi:10.5553/JV/016758502018044005001