Background--No longitudinal study compared associations of echocardiographic indexes of diastolic left ventricular function studies with conventional (CBP) and daytime ambulatory (ABP) blood pressure in the general population. Methods and Results--In 780 Flemish (mean age, 50.2 years; 51.7% women), we measured left atrial volume index (LAVI), peak velocities of the transmitral blood flow (E) and mitral annular movement (e0) in early diastole and E/e0 9.6 years (median) after CBP and ABP. In adjusted models including CBP and ABP, we expressed associations per 10/5-mm Hg systolic/diastolic blood pressure increments. LAVI and E/e0 were 0.65/0.40 mL/m2 and 0.17/0.09 greater with higher systolic/diastolic ABP (P≤0.028), but not with higher baseline CBP (P≤0.086). e0 was lower (P≤0.032) with higher diastolic CBP (-0.09 cm/s) and ABP (-0.19 cm/s). When we substituted baseline CBP by CBP recorded concurrently with echocardiography, LAVI and E/e0 remained 0.45/0.38 mL/m2 and 0.15/0.08 greater with baseline ABP (P≤0.036), while LAVI (+0.53 mL/m2) and E/e0 (+0.19) were also greater (P < 0.001) in relation to concurrent systolic CBP. In categorized analyses of baseline data, sustained hypertension or masked hypertension compared with normotension or white-coat hypertension was associated with greater LAVI (24.0 versus 22.6 mL/m2) and E/e0 (7.35 versus 6.91) and lower e0 (10.7 versus 11.6 cm/s; P≤0.006 for all) with no differences (P≤0.092) between normotension and white-coat hypertension or between masked hypertension and sustained hypertension. Conclusions--ABP is a long-term predictor of diastolic left ventricular function, statistically outperforming distant but not concurrent CBP. Masked hypertension and sustained hypertension carry equal risk for deterioration of diastolic left ventricular function.

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Journal of the American Heart Association

Wei, F.-F. (Fang-Fei), Yang, W.-Y. (Wen-Yi), Thijs, L., Zhang, Z.-Y. (Zhen-Yu), Cauwenberghs, N. (Nicholas), Van Keer, J. (Jan), … Staessen, J.A. (Jan A.). (2018). Conventional and ambulatory blood pressure as predictors of diastolic left ventricular function in a Flemish population. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(4). doi:10.1161/JAHA.117.007868