Urotherapy in children with dysfunctional voiding and the responsiveness of two condition-specific questionnaires
Neurourology and Urodynamics , Volume 37 - Issue 4 p. 1494- 1500
Aims: We sought to establish the responsiveness of the Dutch Vancouver Symptom Score for Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome (VSSDES) and Pediatric urinary incontinence Quality of life (PinQ) questionnaires. Secondary, we evaluated the outcome of urotherapy extended for children with dysfunctional voiding (DV). Methods: This cross-sectional multicenter study was done in one tertiary and two community hospitals. Children with DV were included, also when refractory to previous urotherapeutic treatment. The questionnaires were completed before and after urotherapy. The primary outcome measure was the responsiveness of the Dutch VSDESS and PinQ. Secondary outcome was the initial success (defined by the International Children's Continence Society) of extended urotherapy. Results: Between June 2014 and May 2016, 64 children (median age 7 years, IQR 6-10) received urotherapy (median 18 weeks, IQR 11-28). In contrast to the VSSDES, the PinQ showed good responsiveness. For children and parents, respectively, the area under the ROC-curve was 0.79 (P = 0.01) and 0.72 (P = 0.03) for the PinQ and 0.50 (P = 0.98) and 0.55 (P = 0.62) for the VSSDES. Fifty children received extended urotherapy, 27 had complete, and 14 had partial response. Sixteen children had been refractory to previous treatment; four showed complete, and six showed partial response. Conclusion: The PinQ is able to detect clinically important changes in continence-specific quality of life after treatment. We support the use of the VSSDES questionnaire in addition to the current diagnostics for the diagnosis of DV. Extended urotherapy showed to be a successful treatment for children with DV, also for those who had received previous unsuccessful treatment.