OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to provide estimates of patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL), use of informal care and productivity in patients after surgical aortic and pulmonary valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
METHODS: Consecutive cohorts of 1239 adult patients who had surgical aortic valve replacement or surgical pulmonary valve replacement and 433 patients who had transcatheter aortic valve implantation at 2 Dutch heart centres were cross-sectionally surveyed at a median time of 2.9 and 3.2 years after the intervention, respectively. The survey included questions on HRQoL (EQ-5D-5L and SF-12-v2), use of informal care and productivity in paid and unpaid work. All outcomes were compared with age and sex-matched individuals from the general population.
RESULTS: The response rate was 56% (n = 687) of patients who had surgical valve replacement and 59% (n = 257) of those who had transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Compared with the general population, patients reported poorer HRQoL on physical health domains, whereas their scores were comparable for mental health domains. After a heart valve implantation, patients reported using informal care more frequently than the general population, but labour participation was comparable. Patients with late complications [antibiotic treatment for endocarditis (n = 4), stroke (n = 11), transient ischaemic attack (n = 15)] reported lower HRQoL, greater use of informal care and greater productivity loss than patients without complications.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients who had aortic and pulmonary valve implantations experience relatively mild limitations in daily life compared to the general population. The consequences of a heart valve implantations beyond clinical outcomes should be considered to create realistic patient expectations of life after a heart valve implantation and unbiased resource allocation decisions at national levels.median time of 2.9 and 3.2 years after the intervention, respectively. The survey included questions on HRQoL (EQ-5D-5L and SF-12-v2), use of informal care and productivity in paid and unpaid work. All outcomes were compared with age and sex-matched individuals from the general population.
RESULTS: The response rate was 56% (n = 687) of patients who had surgical valve replacement and 59% (n = 257) of those who had transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Compared with the general population, patients reported poorer HRQoL on physical health domains, whereas their scores were comparable for mental health domains. After a heart valve implantation, patients reported using informal care more frequently than the general population, but labour participation was comparable. Patients with late complications [antibiotic treatment for endocarditis (n = 4), stroke (n = 11), transient ischaemic attack (n = 15)] reported lower HRQoL, greater use of informal care and greater productivity loss than patients without complications.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients who had aortic and pulmonary valve implantations experience relatively mild limitations in daily life compared to the general population. The consequences of a heart valve implantations beyond clinical outcomes should be considered to create realistic patient expectations of life after a heart valve implantation and unbiased resource allocation decisions at national levels.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Aortic valve replacement • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement • Pulmonary valve replacement • Health-related quality of life • Informal care • Productivity
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy382, hdl.handle.net/1765/114712
Journal European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Citation
Huygens, S.A, van der Kley, F, Bekkers, J.A, Bogers, A.J.J.C, Takkenberg, J.J.M, & Rutten-van Mölken, M.P.M.H. (2018). Beyond the clinical impact of aortic and pulmonary valve implantation. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. doi:10.1093/ejcts/ezy382