Rotational Advancement in Cleft Nose Rhinoplasty - Buccal Mucosal Grafts Serve as a Powerful Tool
Objective: Our aim was to analyze our technique of a modified rotational advancement in conjunction with buccal mucosal grafts (BMGs) in a subgroup of severe cleft cases.
Design: A retrospective clinical and photographic evaluation was conducted. Columella angle (CA) and tip projection (TPR) served as instruments in a photometric analysis.
Setting: Academic university hospital and specialized craniofacial cleft center.
Patients: At the time of the secondary rhinoplasty, 61 cleft patients were included, all 17 years or older.
Interventions: Rotational advancement with usage of BMGs was performed in selected cases by a single surgeon.
Main Outcome Measures: Nasal symmetry and aesthetic appearance.
Results: From 2003 to 2011, 29 unilateral severe cleft cases (group I) underwent a modified alar rotational advancement with BMGs. Group II, with 32 cases, represented patients without BMGs. Technique and management of BMGs were described in detail. The complication rate of donor and recipient site presented as very low. The CA was improved significantly in both groups. Also, TPR improved (not significantly) in group I. Using our technique, we considerably enhanced the aesthetic results and symmetry in secondary cleft rhinoplast.
Conclusions: Rotating the vestibular skin makes it possible to eliminate the traction of this skin on the repositioned alar cartilage, therefore achieving a more pleasing and stable nasal symmetry in secondary cleft rhinoplasty. Versatile BMGs close this gap, thus making them a powerful tool in the arsenal of the reconstructive cleft surgeon.
|Keywords||buccal mucosal graft, cleft lip palate, nasal deformity, rotational advancement, secondary rhinoplasty|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1597/16-092, hdl.handle.net/1765/115097|
|Journal||Cleft Palate - Craniofacial Journal|
Kehrer, A., Nijhuis, T.H.J, Pesthy, P., Willemsen, S.P, Poublon, R.M.L, & van der Meulen, J.N.M. (2018). Rotational Advancement in Cleft Nose Rhinoplasty - Buccal Mucosal Grafts Serve as a Powerful Tool. Cleft Palate - Craniofacial Journal, 55(6), 856–864. doi:10.1597/16-092