Rationale: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have anti-inflammatory properties that could benefit adults with comprised pulmonary health. Objective: To investigate n-3 PUFA associations with spirometric measures of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and determine underlying genetic susceptibility. Methods: Associations of n-3 PUFA biomarkers (α-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid [DPA], and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) were evaluated with PFTs (FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC) in meta-analyses across seven cohorts from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Consortium (N = 16,134 of European or African ancestry). PFT-associated n-3 PUFAs were carried forward to genome-wide interaction analyses in the four largest cohorts (N = 11,962) and replicated in one cohort (N = 1,687). Cohort-specific results were combined using joint 2 degree-of-freedom (2df) meta-analyses of SNP associations and their interactions with n-3 PUFAs. Results: DPA and DHA were positively associated with FEV1 and FVC (P < 0.025), with evidence for effect modification by smoking and by sex. Genome-wide analyses identified a novel association of rs11693320—an intronic DPP10 SNP—with FVC when incorporating an interaction with DHA, and the finding was replicated (P2df = 9.4 × 10−9 across discovery and replication cohorts). The rs11693320-A allele (frequency, ∼80%) was associated with lower FVC (PSNP = 2.1 × 10−9; βSNP = −161.0 ml), and the association was attenuated by higher DHA levels (PSNP×DHA interaction = 2.1 × 10−7; βSNP×DHA interaction = 36.2 ml). Conclusions: We corroborated beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs on pulmonary function. By modeling genome-wide n-3 PUFA interactions, we identified a novel DPP10 SNP association with FVC that was not detectable in much larger studies ignoring this interaction.

Additional Metadata
Keywords FEV1, FVC, smoking, genome-wide association study, omega-3 fatty acids
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201802-0304OC, hdl.handle.net/1765/115489
Journal American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Rights no subscription
Citation
Xu, J.Y., Gaddis, NC, Bartz, TM, Hou, R.X., Manichaikul, A.W., & Pankratz, V.S. (2019). Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Genome-Wide Interaction Analyses Reveal DPP10-Pulmonary Function Association. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 199(5), 631–642. doi:10.1164/rccm.201802-0304OC