Murepavadin (POL7080) represents the first member of a novel class of outer membrane protein-targeting antibiotics. It specifically interacts with LptD and inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS) transport. Murepavadin is being developed for the treatment of serious infections by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We determined the plasma protein binding and the pharmacokinetics of murepavadin in plasma and epithelial lining fluid (ELF; pulmonary) in infected animals, and we determined the exposure-response relationship. Treatment of CD-1 neutropenic mice was started 2 h after infection using murepavadin at different dosing frequencies for 24 h, and the number of CFU per lung was determined. The sigmoid maximum-effect model was used to fit the dose-response, and the pharmacodynamic index (PDI) response was used to determine the PDI values, resulting in a static effect and 1-log kill reduction. Using R2 as an indicator of the best fit, the area under the concentration-time curve for the unbound fraction of the drug (fAUC)/MIC ratio correlated best with efficacy. The mean AUC required to provide a static effect was 36.83 mg h/liter (fAUC = 8.25 mg h/liter), and that to provide a 1-log reduction was 44.0 mg h/liter (fAUC = 9.86 mg h/liter). The mean static fAUC/MIC was determined to be 27.78, and that for a 1-log reduction was 39.85. These data may serve to determine doses in humans that are likely to be efficacious.

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Journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Melchers, M.J.B, Teague, J., Warn, P., Hansen, J., Bernardini, F., Wach, A., … Mouton, J.W. (2019). Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Murepavadin in Neutropenic Mouse Models. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 63(3). doi:10.1128/aac.01699-18