In this chapter, we discuss the use of gravity models in the study of spatial structure. Using the recent discussion on functional polycentricity as a background, we argue that the gravity model approach has one obvious advantage when examining spatial structure: it can simultaneously assess functional polycentricity and spatial interdependencies within one modelling framework. The chapter concludes with a discussion of methods that can be applied to estimate the gravity model.

BookChapter: The Mathematics of Urban Morphology
Department of Applied Economics

Burger, M.J, van Oort, F.G, & Meijers, E.J. (2019). Examining spatial structure using gravity models. In The Mathematics of Urban Morphology. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-12381-9_21