Can positive expectations help foster resiliency against adversity? In this study, we used high-frequency panel data, to examine how positive as compared to neutral and negative expectations can bufer the negative impact on subjective well-being generated by an adverse event, the announcement of the Greek bailout referendum in July 2015. Results show that individuals with more positive expectations for the future before the referendum announcement experienced smaller decreases in subjective well-being and adapted quicker to this adverse event. In addition, we found evidence that individuals who shifted from positive to negative expectations before and during the adverse event, respectively, had signifcantly lower subjective well-being than individuals who had consistent positive expectations. This fnding supports the view that optimism, or consistent positive expectations, and even positive mindsets, as indicated by lacks of shifts to negativity, can be a source of resilience that helps individuals cope and adapt quicker to adverse events.

Positive thinking · Expectations · Subjective well-being · Panel data · Resilience · Adversity
Journal of Happiness Studies
Department of Applied Economics

Arampatzi, E, Burger, M.J, Stavropoulos, S, & Tay, L. (2019). The role of positive expectations for resilience to adverse events: Subjective well-being before, during and after the Greek bailout referendum. Journal of Happiness Studies. Retrieved from