This experimental study explores whether feedback in the form of standards helps students in giving more accurate performance estimates not only on current tasks but also on new, similar tasks and whether performance level influences the effect of standards. We provided 122 first‐year psychology students with seven texts that contained key terms. After reading each text, participants recalled the correct definitions of the key terms and estimated the quality of their recall. Half of the participants subsequently received standards and again estimated their own performance. Results showed that providing standards led to better calibration accuracy, both on current tasks and on new, similar tasks, when standards were not available yet. Furthermore, with or without standards, high performers calibrated better than low performers. However, results showed that especially low performers' calibration accuracy benefitted from receiving standards.

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Keywords calibration accuracy, feedback, monitoring, performance level, self‐assessment
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Journal Applied Cognitive Psychology
Nederhand, M.L, Tabbers, H.K, & Rikers, R.M.J.P. (2019). Learning to Calibrate: Providing Standards to Improve Calibration Accuracy for Different Performance Levels. Applied Cognitive Psychology. doi:10.1002/acp.3548