This thesis summarizes the research questions and possible answers based on the scientific work of the author over more than 10 years of Colombian-based research with direct support and supervision of Department of Anesthesiology of Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands. The publications presented here are clustered around 3 key-questions:
Question 1: What is the current state of Randomized Controlled Trials and Systematic Reviews on Patient Safety worldwide?
Question 2: Is there any validated approach to assess safety in perioperative care in middle-income countries like Colombia?
Question 3: Which perioperative interventions on quality and safety potentially affect patients in low- and middle-income countries?

Additional Metadata
Keywords safety, perioperative safety, anesthesia, middle-income countries, low-income countries, developing countries, quality of care, surgery.
Promotor R.J. Stolker (Robert) , M. Klimek (Markus)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
ISBN 978-94-6361-245-6
Persistent URL
Note For copyright reasons there is a partial embargo for this dissertation
Calvache, J.A. (2019, April 24). Perioperative Safety in Middle-Income Countries. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from