The participation of young people in care and treatment decisions is regarded as an essential element in effective decision-making and care. Although care and treatment in juvenile justice facilities is, in the first instance, based on a coercive placement (i.e. nonparticipatory decision-making), it is likely that participation is also essential for young offenders during their stay in care. In our study, we interviewed 24 care professionals working in two different juvenile justice facilities in the Netherlands. Professionals understand what participation entails (e.g. informing, listening to, taking views into account), and how and why they can use participation in everyday practice. Typically, they link issues such as safety and existing boundaries when talking about participationin a coercive context. Based on our findings, we present a conceptual model of factors that seem to influence a young person’s participation process. These findings indicate that there is a need for the structural incorporation of youth participation into juvenilejustice facilities in such a way as to consider the needs and perspectives of both young people and professionals.

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Keywords Participation, residential care, young offenders, decision-making, Convention on the Rights of the Child, professionals
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Journal Qualitative Social Work
D. C. Ten Brummelaar, Mijntje, J. Knorth, Erik, J. Post, Wendy, Harder, A.T., & E. Kalverboer, Margrite. (2018). Space between the borders? Perceptions of professionals on the participation in decision-making of young people in coercive care. Qualitative Social Work, 17(5), 692–711. Retrieved from