Fit for the future : Physical fitness of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities
Fit voor de toekomst : Lichamelijke fitheid van kinderen en adolescenten met een verstandelijke beperking
Children and adolescents with an intellectual disability (ID) are more vulnerable for health problems than typically developing peers. Good physical fitness is therefore important. This prevents health risk now and in the future.
This thesis describes the study on physical fitness of children and adolescents with ID. It starts with a systematic literature review and pilot study on appropriate fitness tests for children and adolescents with moderate to severe ID. In the next step, the physical fitness and physical activity was measured in 128 participants. Using retrospective data, the maximal heart rates of children and adolescents with ID were studied as well.
The results indicate that the physical fitness of children and adolescents with moderate to severe ID is very low. Secondly, more than half of the participants were not active enough according to the physical activity guidelines. Thirdly, children and adolescents with ID are shown to have lower maximal heart rates than typically developing peers.
This thesis ends with recommendations to increase the physical fitness of children and adolescents with ID in clinical practice.
|Keywords||Physical fitness, children, adolescents, intellectual disability, heart rate, physical activity, strength, endurance, cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, motor development, Down syndrome|
|Promotor||H.M. Evenhuis (Heleen) , T.I.M. Hilgenkamp (Thessa)|
|Publisher||Erasmus University Rotterdam|
|Sponsor||The work presented in this thesis was financially supported by: Reinaerde, Utrecht, the Netherlands|
|Note||For copyright reasons there is a partial embargo for this dissertation|
Wouters, M. (2019, May 22). Fit for the future : Physical fitness of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/115968
|Marieke-Wouters-Stellingenv2.pdf , 536kb|
|115968_Chapter_1-General_introduction.pdf Final Version , 747kb|
|115968_Chapter_2-Systematic_review_of_field-based_physica.pdf Final Version , 980kb|
|115968_Chapter_3-Feasibility_and_reliability_of_tests_mea.pdf Final Version , 1mb|
|115968_Chapter_4-Physical_fitness_of_children_and_adolesc.pdf Final Version , 976kb|
|115968_Chapter_5-Physical_activity_levels_of_children_and.pdf Final Version , 827kb|
|115968_Chapter_7-General_discussion.pdf Final Version , 792kb|
|115968_Samenvatting.pdf Final Version , 664kb|