Increased Persistent Mid-Thigh Pain After Short-Stem Compared With Wedge-Shaped Straight-Stem Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty at Medium-Term Follow-Up: A Randomized Double-Blinded Cross-Sectional Study
Background: Femoral prosthesis design may impact the frequency of mid-thigh pain. We compared current, incidental, and persistent mid-thigh pain between the short-stem, Collum Femoris femur prosthesis, and the wedge shaped straight-stem, Zweymüller femur prosthesis and studied the associations between demographics, radiographic measurements, and mid-thigh pain. Methods: We contacted patients from a randomized controlled trial who underwent uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) for hip osteoarthritis at a mean follow-up of 44 months (range 24-64 months). Patients were specifically assessed for current (during assessment), incidental (any time postoperatively for >1 week) mid-thigh pain, and persistent (any time postoperatively for >2 years) mid-thigh pain. Furthermore, we used regression analysis to study associations between demographics, radiographic measurements, and mid-thigh pain. Results: One hundred forty of 150 patients (93%) responded to our assessment. Mean age at the time of operation was 62 years (±7.0). Current mid-thigh pain occurred in 16 patients (23%) in the Collum Femoris Preserving (CFP) group compared with 10 patients (14%) in the Zweymüller group (P ¼ .192). Incidental mid-thigh pain occurred in 24 patients (34%) in the CFP group compared with 15 patients (21%) in the Zweymüller group (P ¼ .090). Persistent mid-thigh pain was found in 13 patients (19%) in the CFP group compared with five patients (7%) in the Zweymüller group (P ¼ .043). Varus malalignment (odds ratio 1.819 [95% confidence interval 1.034-3.200]) and leg lengthening (odds ratio 1.107 per cm lengthening [95% confidence interval 1.026-1.195]) showed significant associations with mid-thigh pain. Conclusions: We found more persistent mid-thigh pain after short-stem uncemented THA compared to wedge-shaped straight-stem uncemented THA during medium-term follow-up. Varus malalignment and leg lengthening were associated with mid-thigh pain.
|Keywords||total hip arthroplasty, osteoarthritis, mid-thigh pain, patient-reported outcome, short stem|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.01.014, hdl.handle.net/1765/116092|
|Journal||Journal of Arthroplasty|
Gielis, W.P., Van Oldenrijk, J., ten Cate, N., Scholtes, V.A.B., Geerdink, C.H., & Poolman, R.W. (2019). Increased Persistent Mid-Thigh Pain After Short-Stem Compared With Wedge-Shaped Straight-Stem Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty at Medium-Term Follow-Up: A Randomized Double-Blinded Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Arthroplasty, 34(5), 912–919. doi:10.1016/j.arth.2019.01.014