Background: Mobile technology may help to better understand the adherence to treatment. MASK‐rhinitis (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) is a patient‐centred ICT system. A mobile phone app (the Allergy Diary) central to MASK is available in 22 countries. Objectives: To assess the adherence to treatment in allergic rhinitis patients using the Allergy Diary App. Methods: An observational cross‐sectional study was carried out on all users who filled in the Allergy Diary from 1 January 2016 to 1 August 2017. Secondary adherence was assessed by using the modified Medication Possession Ratio (MPR) and the Proportion of days covered (PDC) approach. Results: A total of 12 143 users were registered. A total of 6 949 users reported at least one VAS data recording. Among them, 1 887 users reported ≥7 VAS data. About 1 195 subjects were included in the analysis of adherence. One hundred and thirty‐six (11.28%) users were adherent (MPR ≥70% and PDC ≤1.25), 51 (4.23%) were partly adherent (MPR ≥70% and PDC = 1.50) and 176 (14.60%) were switchers. On the other hand, 832 (69.05%) users were non‐adherent to medications (MPR <70%). Of those, the largest group was non‐adherent to medications and the time interval was increased in 442 (36.68%) users. Conclusion and clinical relevance: Adherence to treatment is low. The relative efficacy of continuous vs on‐demand treatment for allergic rhinitis symptoms is still a matter of debate. This study shows an approach for measuring retrospective adherence based on a mobile app. This also represents a novel approach for analysing medication‐taking behaviour in a real‐world setting.

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Keywords adherence, mHealth, mobile technology, observational study, rhinitis, treatment
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Journal Clinical and Experimental Allergy
Menditto, E., Costa, E., Midao, L., Bosnic-Anticevich, S, Novellino, E., & Bialek, S. (2018). Adherence to treatment in allergic rhinitis using mobile technology. The MASK Study. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 49(4), 442–460. doi:10.1111/cea.13333