Allele‐specific analyses to understand frequency differences across populations, particularly populations not well studied, are important to help identify variants that may have a functional effect on disease mechanisms and phenotypic predisposition, facilitating new Genome‐Wide Association Studies (GWAS). We aimed to compare the allele frequency of 11 asthma‐associated and 16 liver disease‐associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between the Estonian, HapMap and 1000 genome project populations. When comparing EGCUT with HapMap populations, the largest difference in allele frequencies was observed with the Maasai population in Kinyawa, Kenya, with 12 SNP variants reporting statistical significance. Similarly, when comparing EGCUT with 1000 genomes project populations, the largest difference in allele frequencies was observed with pooled African populations with 22 SNP variants reporting statistical significance. For 11 asthma‐associated and 16 liver disease‐associated SNPs, Estonians are genetically similar to other European populations but significantly different from African populations. Understanding differences in genetic architecture between ethnic populations is important to facilitate new GWAS targeted at underserved ethnic groups to enable novel genetic findings to aid the development of new therapies to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/iji.12413, hdl.handle.net/1765/116305
Journal International Journal of Immunogenetics
Citation
Reisberg, S., Galwey, N, Avillach, P, Sahlqvist, A.S., Kolberg, L., Magic, ., … James, G. (2019). Comparison of variation in frequency for SNPs associated with asthma or liver disease between Estonia, HapMap populations and the 1000 genome project populations. International Journal of Immunogenetics, 46(2), 49–58. doi:10.1111/iji.12413