Why are some children more socially anxious than others? One theory holds that socially anxious children are poor mindreaders, which hampers their social interactions; another that socially anxious children are advanced mindreaders leading to heightened self-consciousness in social situations. To test these theories simultaneously, this study (N = 105, ages 8–12) assessed children’s mindreading (accuracy in detecting mental states from the eye region), self-consciousness (indexed as physiological blushing during public performance), and social anxiety levels. Results support both theories, showing a quadratic relation between mindreading and social anxiety. Low mindreading was related to clinical levels of social anxiety. High mindreading was related to subclinical levels of social anxiety through blushing. Our findings suggest two social-cognitive pathways to heightened social anxiety.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13248, hdl.handle.net/1765/116476
Journal Child Development
Nikolić, M, van der Storm, L, Colonnesi, C, Brummelman, E, Kan, K. J, & Bögels, S.M. (2019). Are Socially Anxious Children Poor or Advanced Mindreaders?. Child Development, 2019. doi:10.1111/cdev.13248