Nipah and Hendra virus are members of a newly identified genus of emerging paramyxoviruses, the henipaviruses. Both viruses have the ability to cause severe pulmonary infection and severe acute encephalitis. Following their discovery in the 1990s, outbreaks caused by these zoonotic paramyxoviruses have been associated with high public health and especially economic threat potential. Currently, only geographic groupings in Asia and Australia have been described for the henipaviruses. However, while few viral isolates are available and more detailed characterization is necessary, there has been recent evidence that divergent henipaviruses might be present on the African continent. This review endeavours to capture recent advances in the field of henipavirus research, with a focus on genome structure and replication mechanisms, reservoir hosts, genetic diversity, pathogenesis and animal models.

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Antiviral Research

Rockx, B, Winegar, R. (Richard), & Freiberg, A.N. (Alexander N.). (2012). Recent progress in henipavirus research: Molecular biology, genetic diversity, animal models. Antiviral Research (Vol. 95, pp. 135–149). doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.05.008