Misspecification tests for Multinomial Logit [MNL] models are known to have low power or large size distortion. We propose two new misspecification tests. Both use that preferences across binary pairs of alternatives can be described by independent binary logit models when MNL is true.
The first test compares Composite Likelihood parameter estimates based on choice pairs with standard Maximum Likelihood estimates using a Hausman (1978) test.
The second tests for overidentification in a GMM framework using more pairs than necessary.
A Monte Carlo study shows that the GMM test is in general superior with respect to power and has correct size

Additional Metadata
Keywords Discrete choices, Multinomial Logit, IIA, Hausman test, Composite Likelihood
JEL Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors (jel C25), Hypothesis Testing (jel C12), Model Evaluation and Testing (jel C52)
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/116745
Series Econometric Institute Research Papers
Fok, D, & Paap, R. (2019, June). New Misspecification Tests for Multinomial Logit Models. Econometric Institute Research Papers. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/116745