In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acquired genetic aberrations carry prognostic implications and guide therapeutic decisions. Clinical algorithms have been improved by the incorporation of novel aberrations. Here, we report the presence and functional characterization of mutations in the transcription factor NFE2 in patients with AML and in a patient with myelosarcoma. We previously described NFE2 mutations in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms and demonstrated that expression of mutant NFE2 in mice causes a myeloproliferative phenotype. Now, we show that, during follow-up, 34% of these mice transform to leukemia presenting with or without concomitant myelosarcomas, or develop isolated myelosarcomas. These myelosarcomas and leukemias acquired AMLspecific alterations, including the murine equivalent of trisomy 8, loss of the AML commonly deleted region on chromosome 5q, and mutations in the tumor suppressor Trp53. Our data show that mutations in NFE2 predispose to the acquisition of secondary changes promoting the development of myelosarcoma and/or AML. (Blood. 2019;133(16): 1766-1777)

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Jutzi, J.S., Basu, T., Pellmann, M., Kaiser, S, Steinemann, D, Sanders, M.A, … Pahl, HL. (2019). Altered NFE2 activity predisposes to leukemic transformation and myelosarcoma with AML-specific aberrations. Blood, 133(16), 1766–1777. doi:10.1182/blood-2018-09-875047