Background: An adaptation of multisystemic therapy (MST) was piloted to find out whether it would yield better outcomes than standard MST in families where the adolescent not only shows antisocial or delinquent behaviour, but also has an intel‐ lectual disability. Method: To establish the comparative effectiveness of MST‐ID (n = 55) versus stand‐ ard MST (n = 73), treatment outcomes were compared at the end of treatment and at 6‐month follow‐up. Pre‐treatment differences were controlled for using the propen‐ sity score method. Results: Multisystemic therapy‐ID resulted in reduced police contact and reduced rule breaking behaviour that lasted up to 6 months post‐treatment. Compared to standard MST, MST‐ID more frequently resulted in improvements in parenting skills, family relations, social support, involvement with pro‐social peers and sustained pos‐ itive behavioural changes. At follow‐up, more adolescents who had received MST‐ID were still living at home. Conclusions: These results support further development of and research into the MST‐ID adaptation.

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Keywords delinquency, intellectual disability, multisystemic therapy, out‐of‐home placement, treatment effects
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Journal Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Blankestein, A., van der Rijken, R., van Eeren, H, Lange, A, Scholte, R., Moonen, X., … Didden, R. (2019). Evaluating the effects of multisystemic therapy for adolescents with intellectual disabilities and antisocial or delinquent behaviour and their parents. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 32(3), 575–590. doi:10.1111/jar.12551