Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a common group of neurological conditions that confer a significant burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In most cases, CSVD is only recognized in its advanced stages once its symptomatic sequelae develop. However, its significance in asymptomatic healthy populations remains poorly defined. In population-based studies of presumed healthy elderly individuals, CSVD neuroimaging markers including white matter hyperintensities, lacunes, cerebral microbleeds, enlarged perivascular spaces, cortical superficial siderosis, and cerebral microinfarcts are frequently detected. While the presence of these imaging markers may reflect unique mechanisms at play, there are likely shared pathways underlying CSVD. Herein, we aim to assess the etiology and significance of these individual biomarkers by focusing in asymptomatic populations at an epidemiological level. By primarily examining population-based studies, we explore the risk factors that are involved in the formation and progression of these biomarkers. Through a critical semi-systematic review, we aim to characterize “asymptomatic” CSVD, review screening modalities, and draw associations from observational studies in clinical populations. Lastly, we highlight areas of research (including therapeutic approaches) in which further investigation is needed to better understand asymptomatic CSVD.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cerebral small vessel diseases, Epidemiology, Stroke, lacunar, Leukoaraiosis
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.5853/jos.2018.03608, hdl.handle.net/1765/116968
Journal Journal of Stroke
Citation
Das, A.S., Regenhardt, R.W., Vernooij, M.W, Blacker, D, Charidimou, A, & Viswanathan, A. (2019). Asymptomatic Cerebral Small Vessel Disease: Insights from Population-Based Studies. Journal of Stroke, 21(2), 121–138. doi:10.5853/jos.2018.03608