Aims/hypothesis: Both visceral and truncal fat have been associated with metabolic disturbances. We aimed to investigate the associations of several novel metabolic indices, combining anthropometric and lipid measures, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements of body fat, with incident type 2 diabetes among women and men from the large population-based Rotterdam Study. Methods: Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate associations of visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), the product of triacylglycerol and glucose (TyG), their formula components and DXA measures with incident type 2 diabetes. Associations were adjusted for traditional diabetes risk factors. Results: Among 5576 women and 3988 men free of diabetes, 511 women and 388 men developed type 2 diabetes during a median follow-up of 6.5 years. In adjusted models, the three metabolic indices VAI (per 1 SD naturally log-transformed HR; 95% CI) (1.49; 1.36, 1.65 in women; 1.37; 1.22, 1.53 in men), LAP (1.35; 1.16, 1.56 in women; 1.19; 1.01, 1.42 in men) and TyG (1.73; 1.52, 1.98 in women; 1.43; 1.26, 1.62 in men), gynoid fat mass (0.63; 0.45, 0.89) and android to gynoid fat ratio (1.51; 1.16, 1.97) in women were associated with incident type 2 diabetes. BMI (1.45; 1.28, 1.65) was the strongest predictor of type 2 diabetes in men. Conclusions/interpretation: Among women, novel combined metabolic indices were stronger risk markers for type 2 diabetes than the traditional anthropometric and laboratory measures and were comparable with DXA measures. Neither combined metabolic indices nor DXA measures were superior to traditional anthropometric and lipid measures in association with type 2 diabetes among men.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Android fat, BMI, Combined indices, DXA, Epidemiology, Gynoid fat, LAP, TyG, Type 2 diabetes, VAI
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-019-4921-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/117325
Journal Diabetologia: clinical and experimental diabetes and metabolism
Citation
Brahimaj, A, Rivadeneira, F. (Fernando), Muka, T, Sijbrands, E.J.G, Franco, O.H, Dehghan, A, & Kavousi, M. (2019). Novel metabolic indices and incident type 2 diabetes among women and men: the Rotterdam Study. Diabetologia: clinical and experimental diabetes and metabolism. doi:10.1007/s00125-019-4921-2