Background: Chronic-active antibody mediated rejection (c-aABMR) is a major contributor to long-term kidney allograft loss. We conducted a retrospective analysis to establish the efficacy of treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and pulse methylprednisolone (MP) of patients with c-aABMR. Methods: Sixty-nine patients, in the period 2005-2017, with the diagnosis (suspicious for) c-aABMR that were treated with IVIG and MP were included. Patients were administered three doses of 1 g intravenous MP combined with a single dose of IVIG (1 g/kg body weight). Primary outcome was the decline in allograft function one year post treatment. Responders to IVIG-MP therapy were defined by an eGFR one year after treatment which was at least 25% above the projected allograft function. Results: Patients showed an average decline in eGFR of 9.8 ml/min/1.73m2 the year prior to treatment. Following treatment, a significant reduction (p < 0.001) in eGFR decline was observed (6.3 ml/min/1.73m2). Furthermore, a significant improvement in proteinuria was observed upon treatment (p < 0.001). Sixty-two percent (n = 43) of the patients were considered a responder and showed considerable slowing of graft function deterioration in the year after treatment (p < 0.001). Three and 5-year graft survival was significantly superior in responders. Conclusions: More than 60% of patients with c-aABMR with a progressive decline in eGFR respond favorably to treatment with IVIG-MP resulting in a significant improvement of graft survival (Sablik, Am J Transplant 18, 2018).

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Keywords C-aABMR, IVIG, MP, Renal allograft rejection, Transplantation, Treatment
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Journal BMC Nephrology
Sablik, K.A, Clahsen-van Groningen, M.C, Looman, C.W.N, Damman, J, Agteren, M, & Betjes, M.G.H. (2019). Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins and methylprednisolone may significantly decrease loss of renal function in chronic-active antibody-mediated rejection. BMC Nephrology, 20(1). doi:10.1186/s12882-019-1385-z