Co-designing with people with dementia (PwD) can uncover their needs and preferences, which have been often overlooked. It is difficult for PwD to understand designers and express themselves in a conventional co-design session. This study aims to evaluate the effects of involving PwD in design research on both PwD and the design process; to identify the trends of involving PwD in design research; to extract tools, recommendations, and limitations of involving PwD from reviewed studies to update the recommendations on how to co-design with PwD. A scoping review was carried out within the electronic databases PubMed and Scopus, and eight research questions were proposed, in order to gain specific knowledge on the involvement of PwD in design research. Twenty-six studies met the inclusion criteria, and 32 sessions were evaluated. Beneficial effects on both PwD and the design process were reported. The number of studies involving PwD in the moderate and severe stages of dementia has increased. Based on the review, an update of the existing tools and recommendations for co-designing with PwD is provided and a list of limitations of involving PwD is presented. The review shows that involving PwD in design research is beneficial for both the PwD and the design process, and there is a shift towards involving people who are in the moderate and severe stages of dementia. The authors propose that multidisciplinary meetings and case studies should be carried out to evaluate and refine the list of tools and recommendations as well as the list of limitations generated in this review.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Co-design, Dementia stage, Design process, Design research, Recommendations, Scoping review
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2019.06.003, hdl.handle.net/1765/117357
Journal Maturitas
Citation
Wang, G. (Gubing), Marradi, C. (Chiara), Albayrak, A, & van der Cammen, T.J.M. (2019). Co-designing with people with dementia: A scoping review of involving people with dementia in design research. Maturitas (Vol. 127, pp. 55–63). doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2019.06.003