Background The effects of mycophenolic acid exposure in the early period after transplantation on clinical outcomes have been reported; however, mycophenolic acid exposure in the early period after transplantation in Asian kidney transplant recipients who receive 1.5 g/d mycophenolate mofetil has never been investigated. Objective To determine mycophenolic acid exposure on day 3 post-transplantation in kidney transplant recipiens who receive 1.5 g/d mycophenolate mofetil. The effects of the reduced renal function on mycophenolic acid area under the concentration–time curve (AUC) and the achievement of the target AUC on the incidence of biopsy proven acute rejection during the first month post-transplantation were also evaluated. Setting A university hospital Method Blood samples and 24-h urine were collected on day 3 post-transplantation. Main outcome measures The mycophenolic acid AUC was calculated by linear trapezoidal rule and compared with the target of 45 mg*h/L. Results Of 42 Thai kidney transplant recipiens, the mean mycophenolic acid AUC of 45.1 mg*h/L (SD 14.7) was comparable to the AUC target (P = 0.962). Significant differences of the mycophenolic acid AUC were observed between patients with urine output of < 2400 mL and those with urine output ≥ 2400 mL (35.3 ± 6.6 and 47.4 ± 15.2, respectively; P = 0.002), and between patients with 24-h measured CrCl < 25 mL/min and those with CrCl ≥ 25 mL/min (38.0 (29.0, 42.2) and 49.2 ± 14.0, respectively; P = 0.017). Proportions of overall biopsy proven acute rejection among patients with mycophenolic acid AUC of < 45 and ≥ 45 mg*h/L were comparable (20.0% and 23.5%, respectively; P = 1.000). Conclusions After the starting dosage of 1.5 g/d mycophenolate mofetil, the mean mycophenolic acid AUC on day 3 post-kidney transplantation is comparable with the target of 45 mg*h/L. Severely reduced renal function significantly influences mycophenolic acid exposure.

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Keywords Kidney transplantation, Mycophenolate mofetil, Mycophenolic acid, Pharmacokinetics, Renal function
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Journal International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Kulabusaya, B. (Busaya), Vadcharavivad, S. (Somratai), Avihingsanon, Y. (Yingyos), van Gelder, T, & Praditpornsilpa, K. (Kearkiat). (2019). Early pharmacokinetics of low dosage mycophenolate exposure in Thai kidney transplant recipients. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. doi:10.1007/s11096-019-00848-w