The formation of informal groupings of states is a manifestation of the global shift in economic power. One such a grouping is the BRICS, consisting of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, which stands out for its importance due to its economic weight, its coverage across continents and the numerous internal differences. The BRICS have collectively flexed their muscle and expressed their intentions to extend their cooperation at the United Nations (UN). Proposals in the United Nations General Assembly (UN GA) take the form of resolutions, which can be written and co-written by the UN member states. This so-called sponsoring of resolutions is a way to push agenda items forward. Using a large-N network analysis, we examine the patterns of co-sponsorship of the BRICS of resolutions adopted in the UN GA plenary sessions. We find that the BRICS cooperate on fields such as economic issues, however, they do not form a coherent bloc when it comes to resolution sponsorship. These results raise the question in what way the BRICS actually cooperate at the UN level.

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Keywords BRICS, co-sponsorship, cooperation, network analysis, UN General Assembly
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Journal Third World Quarterly: journal of emerging areas
Dijkhuizen, F. (Frederieke), & Onderco, M. (2019). Sponsorship behaviour of the BRICS in the United Nations General Assembly. Third World Quarterly: journal of emerging areas. doi:10.1080/01436597.2019.1622411