This paper investigates how investment in automation-intensive goods impacts on worker flows at the firm level and, within firms, across occupational categories. Resorting to an integrated dataset encompassing detailed information on firms, their imports, and employer-employee data for French manufacturing employers over 2002-2015, we identify ‘automation spikes’ using imports of intermediates embedding automation technologies and then test their impact on employment dynamics. We find that automation spikes are positively correlated with preceding and contemporaneous growth in employment, mainly due to lower separation rates of investing firms. These differential patterns of net and gross worker flows do not appear to change significantly across different types of workers (occupational categories, ‘techies’, routine-intensive vs. non routine-intensive jobs).

Additional Metadata
Keywords Automation, Skills, Technological Change, Gross Worker Flows
JEL Employment Determination; Job Creation; Demand for Labor; Self-Employment (jel J23), Firm Performance: Size, Age, Profit, and Sales (jel L25), Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes (jel O33), Intertemporal Firm Choice: Investment, Capacity, and Financing (jel D25)
ISBN 2284-0400
Persistent URL
Series LEM Working Paper Series
Domini, G., Grazzi, M., Moschella, T., & Treibich, T. (2019). Threats and opportunities in the digital era: automation spikes and employment dynamics. LEM Working Paper Series. Retrieved from