We present a unique case of disseminated Leishmaniasis in an HIV patient. Two different Leishmania species were identified by genomic sequencing in both bone marrow and skin. The Leishmania infection could be suppressed but not cured, despite a high dose of amphotericin B of nearly 65 g over more than 6 years.

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Keywords Amphotericin B, CD4 cell count, HIV-coinfection, Leishmaniasis, Relapse
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofy323, hdl.handle.net/1765/117607
Journal Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Balushi, A.A. (Asma Al), Khamis, F. (Faryal), Klaassen, C.H, Gangneux, J.-P. (Jean-Pierre), van Hellemond, J.J, & Petersen, E. (Eskild). (2018). Double Infection with Leishmania tropica and L. Major in an Hiv patient controlled with high doses of amphotericin B. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 5(12). doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy323