Coarctation of aorta(CoA), complicated by endarteritis in a children is very rare. Here we present a case of endarteritis in an unoperated CoA in a four year old boy. CoA had been diagnosed in the referring hospital, yet the diagnosis of endocarditis distal to CoA, was made in the tertiary center using modified transthoracic echo windows or focused views. After six weeks of intravenous antibiotic treatment, a coarctectomy and end-to-end anastomosis was performed and he recovered clinically well. This case report concludes that echocardiography remains as the standard diagnostic method for identifying intracardiac manifestations of infective endocarditis/endarteritis. Last but foremost, it delineates the importance of modified transthoracic echo windows or focused views in identifying the unusual position of endocarditis.

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Keywords coarctation of aorta, congenital heart disease, endarteritis, infective endocarditis, Streptococcus sanguinius
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/echo.14418, hdl.handle.net/1765/117621
Journal Echocardiography: a journal of cardiovascular ultrasound and allied techniques
Citation
Gnanam, D. (Devi), Bartelds, B. (Beatrijs), van Leeuwen, W.J. (Wouter J), Frohn-Mulder, I.M.E, & Koopman, L.P. (2019). A case report on endarteritis in a child with coarctation of aorta. Echocardiography: a journal of cardiovascular ultrasound and allied techniques. doi:10.1111/echo.14418