Three-dimensional echocardiography is a valuable tool for the assessment of cardiac function where it permits calculation of chamber volume and function. The anatomy of valvar and septal structures can be presented in unique and intuitive ways to enhance surgical planning. Guidance of interventional procedures using the technique has now become established in many clinical settings. Enhancements of image processing to include intracavity flow, image fusion and true 3D displays look set to further improve the contribution of this modality to care of the patient with congenital heart disease.

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Keywords three-dimensional echocardiography, congenital heart disease, cardiac function, morphology
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Journal Echo Research and Practice
Simpson, J.M., & van den Bosch, A.E. (2019). EDUCATIONAL SERIES IN CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE: Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease. Echo Research and Practice, 6(2), R75–R86. doi:10.1530/erp-18-0074