Purpose: Mortality in burn intensive care unit (ICU) has been decreasing and treatment appears to be changing. The aims of this study: (1) examine outcome in burn patients, (2) examine changes in ICU indication and (3) explore the influence of a changing case-mix. Methods: Retrospective study in patients admitted to ICU (1987–2016). Four groups were specified: major burns (15% TBSA), inhalation injury with small injury (<15% TBSA, inhalation injury), watchful waiting (<15% TBSA, without inhalation injury), tender loving care (patients withheld from treatment). Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the relation between case-mix and outcome. Results: Overall mortality decreased to 7%. Mortality of major burns decreased by 15%. The major burn group decreased by 36%. The inhalation injury and watchful waiting group increased by 9% and21%.The percentage of ventilated patients increased by 14% inthemajor burn group. 40% of patients were ventilated in the watchful waiting group. Conclusions: After correctionfor case-mix, survivalimproved,mainly inthemajor burngroup. Case-mix shifted towards inhalation injury and watchful waiting. Growth of the watchful waiting group is not necessarily harmful. However, the increase of mechanical ventilation could be. We suggest raising awareness for risks and consequences of mechanical ventilation.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Intensive care, Burn injury, Treatment, Inhalation injury, Mortality, Length of stay
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.02.005, hdl.handle.net/1765/117781
Journal Burns
Citation
Gigengack, R.K., van Baar, M.E, Cleffken, B.I, Dokter, J, & van der Vlies, C.H. (2019). Burn intensive care treatment over the last 30 years: Improved survival and shift in case-mix. Burns, 45(5), 1057–1065. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2019.02.005