Elevated lipoprotein (a) (Lp[a]) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is mainly genetically determined. Studies suggest a role of dietary fatty acids (FAs) in the regulation of Lp(a), however, no studies have investigated the association between plasma Lp(a) concentration and omega-6 FAs. We aimed to investigate whether plasma Lp(a) concentration was associated with dietary omega-6 FA intake, and plasma levels of arachidonic acid in subjects with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). We included FH subjects with (n=68) and without (n=77) elevated Lp(a) defined as ≥75 nmol/L, and healthy subjects (n=14). Total fatty acid profile was analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector analysis, and the daily intake of macronutrients (including the sum of omega-6 FAs: 18:2n-6, 20:2n-6, 20:3n-6 and 20:4n-6) were computed from completed food frequency questionnaires. FH subjects with elevated Lp(a) had higher plasma levels of arachidonic acid (AA) compared to FH subjects without elevated Lp(a) (P=0.03). Furthermore, both FH subjects with and without elevated Lp(a) had higher plasma levels of AA compared to controls (P<0.001). The multivariable analyses showed associations between dietary omega-6 FA intake and plasma levels of AA (P=0.02), and between plasma levels of Lp(a) and AA (P=0.006). Our data suggest a novel link between plasma Lp(a) concentration, dietary omega-6 FAs and plasma AA concentration, which may contribute to explain the small diet-induced increase in Lp(a) levels associated with lifestyle changes. Although the increase may not be clinically relevant, this association may be mechanistically interesting in understanding more of the role and regulation of Lp(a).

Additional Metadata
Keywords dietary n-6 PUFA, familial hypercholesterolemia, Lipoprotein (a), plasma fatty acids
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519001600, hdl.handle.net/1765/117886
Journal British Journal of Nutrition
Narverud, I, Bogsrud, M.P. (Martin P.), Øril, L.K.L. (Linn K. L.), Ulven, S.M, Retterstøl, K, Ueland, T, … Holven, K.B. (2019). Lipoprotein (a) concentration is associated with plasma arachidonic acid in subjects with familial hypercholesterolemia. British Journal of Nutrition. doi:10.1017/S0007114519001600