Gastroschisis at school age: what do parents report?
Children with gastroschisis are at high risk of morbidity in early life, which could affect long-term outcomes. We determined parent-reported outcomes in school-aged children born in 2000–2012, using paper questionnaires. Parent-perceived child vulnerability and motor function were compared with the Dutch reference data; parent-rated data on cognition, health status, quality of life, and behavior were compared with those of controls matched for age, gender, and maternal education level. Of 77 eligible participants, 31 (40%) returned the questionnaires. Parent-reported motor function was normal in 23 (74%) children. Total scores on health status, quality of life, and behavior did not differ significantly from those of matched controls. Children with gastroschisis had lower scores on cognition (median (interquartile range); 109 (87–127)) than their matched controls (124 (113–140); p = 0.04). Neonatal intestinal failure and increased parent-perceived vulnerability were associated with lower scores on cognition (β − 25.66 (95% confidence interval − 49.41, − 1.91); − 2.76 (− 5.27, − 0.25), respectively). Conclusion: Parent-reported outcomes of school-aged children with gastroschisis were mainly reassuring. Clinicians and parents should be aware of the higher risk of cognitive problems, especially in those with neonatal intestinal failure or increased parent-perceived vulnerability. We recommend multidisciplinary follow-up at school age of children with gastroschisis and neonatal intestinal failure.What is Known:What is New:.
|Keywords||Abdominal wall defect, Behavior, Cognition, Gastroschisis, Outcome, Quality of life|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03417-5, hdl.handle.net/1765/118380|
|Journal||European Journal of Pediatrics|
Hijkoop, A, Rietman, A.B, Wijnen, R.M.H, Tibboel, D, Cohen-Overbeek, T.E, van Rosmalen, J.M, & IJsselstijn, H. (2019). Gastroschisis at school age: what do parents report?. European Journal of Pediatrics. doi:10.1007/s00431-019-03417-5