Background: Current perioperative patient care aims to maintain homeostasis by attenuation of the stress response to surgery, as a more vigorous stress response can have detrimental effects on postoperative recovery. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess the effect of perioperative music on the physiological stress response to surgery.
Methods: The Embase, Medline Ovid, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception date until February 5, 2019, using a systematic literature search following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines for randomized controlled trials investigating the effect of music before, during, and/or after surgery in adult surgical patients on the stress response to surgery. Meta-analysis was performed using a random effects model and pooled standardized mean differences were calculated with 95% confidence intervals. This study was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42018097060).
Results: The literature search identified 1076 articles. Eighteen studies (1301 patients) were included in the systematic review, of which eight were included in the meta-analysis. Perioperative music attenuated the neuroendocrine cortisol stress response to surgery (pooled standardized mean difference −0.30, [95% confidence interval −0.53 to −0.07], P = 0.01, I2 = 0).
Conclusions: Perioperative music can attenuate the neuroendocrine stress response to surgery.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cortisol, Music, Perioperative patient care, Stress response, Surgery
Persistent URL,
Journal Journal of Surgical Research
Fu, V.X, Oomens, P, Sneiders, D, van den Berg, S.A.A, Feelders, R.A, Wijnhoven, B.P.L, & Jeekel, J. (2019). The Effect of Perioperative Music on the Stress Response to Surgery. Journal of Surgical Research (Vol. 244, pp. 444–455). doi:10.1016/j.jss.2019.06.052