Objectives: Global left ventricular (LV) function is routinely used to assess cardiac function; however, myocardial strain is able to identify more subtle dysfunction. We aimed to determine the recovery and prognostic value of featuring tracking (FT) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) strain in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with a concurrent chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: In the randomized EXPLORE trial, there was no significant difference in global LV function after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the CTO, compared with no-CTO PCI, post-STEMI. In the current study, we included 200 of the 302 EXPLORE patients with a baseline CMR, of which 180 also had 4-month follow-up (serial) CMR. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was calculated from 3 long-axis views. Global circumferential strain (GCS) and segmental strain were calculated from 3 short-axis views (basal, mid, and apical). Results: Global strain significantly improved at 4 months (GLS ∆ − 1.8 ± 4.3%, p < 0.001; GCS ∆ − 1.7 ± 4.7%, p < 0.001); however, there was no treatment effect of CTO-PCI on strain recovery. GLS was a significant predictor for 4 months of LV ejection fraction (p = 0.006), incremental to other CMR parameters including infarct size. For mortality, infarct size remained the strongest predictor. On regional level, segmental strain independently predicted recovery in the dysfunctional segments (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Global and segmental myocardial strains significantly improved over time, with no effect of CTO-PCI. Global strain was associated with outcome and segmental strain was an independent predictor for regional LV recovery in the dysfunctional CTO territory. Further research is needed to determine the additional prognostic value of strain beyond routine CMR parameters. Key Points: • In STEMI patients with a concurrent CTO, strain significantly improves over time, regardless of CTO-PCI. • Global strain is an independent predictor for functional recovery, incremental to infarct size, LVEF, and clinical parameters. • Segmental strain was able to predict the recovery of wall thickening, incremental to transmural extent of infarction.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Coronary occlusion, Magnetic resonance imaging, Percutaneous coronary intervention, ST elevation myocardial infarction
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06338-x, hdl.handle.net/1765/118417
Journal European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology
Elias, J. (Joëlle), van Dongen, I.M. (Ivo M.), Hoebers, F.J.P, Ouweneel, D.M. (Dagmar M.), Claessen, B.E, Råmunddal, T. (Truls), … Hirsch, A. (2019). Recovery and prognostic value of myocardial strain in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients with a concurrent chronic total occlusion. European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology. doi:10.1007/s00330-019-06338-x