Introduction: Biotinidase deficiency (BD), an autosomal recessive disease, is classified into profound (activity <10%) or partial BD (activity 10–30%). The most frequent variant in patients worldwide is c.1330G > C (p.Asp444His), which is associated with partial BD. In vivo studies indicate that this variant reduces the biotinidase activity by 50%. The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of p.Asp444His and of five novel variants identified among Brazilian individuals showing low activity of biotinidase in serum. Methods: The variants c.119 T > C (p.Leu40Pro), c.479G > A (p.Cys160Tyr), c.664G > A (p.Asp222Asn), c.1330G > C (p.Asp444His), c.1337 T > C (p.Leu446Pro), c.1466A > G (p.Asn489Ser) and the wild type (wt) BTD gene were expressed in HEK 293 cells. Biotinidase activity was quantified by colorimetric method in cells homogenates and culture medium. The wtBTD activity was considered 100%. Results: The p.Leu40Pro, p.Cys160Tyr and p.Leu446Pro variants were associated to impaired biotinidase activity (activity in cells: 33%, 14%, 0%, respectively; activity in medium: 7%, 0.3%, 2%, respectively) and undetectable amount of protein in intra and extracellular space. The p.Asn489Ser variant had these effects restricted to the extracellular space (activity in medium: 43%), and the p.Asp222Asn variant showed normal activity. The expression of p.Asp444His variant resulted in detectable protein and slightly reduced activity only in cells (activity in cells: 46%; activity in medium: 115%). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the p.Leu40Pro, p.Cys160Tyr and p.Leu446Pro variants are deleterious; the p.Asn489Ser is probably related to a mild biochemical phenotype; and p.Asp222Asn variant is probably not deleterious. The p.Asp444His variant seems to code for a protein with variable activity.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Biotinidase activity, BTD gene, Expression analysis
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2019.07.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/118426
Journal Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Citation
Borsatto, T. (Taciane), Sperb-Ludwig, F. (Fernanda), Blom, H.J, & Schwartz, I.V.D. (2019). Effect of BTD gene variants on in vitro biotinidase activity. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2019.07.006