Hepatitis virus infections affect a large proportion of the global population. The host responds rapidly to viral infection by orchestrating a variety of cellular machineries, in particular, the mitochondrial compartment. Mitochondria actively regulate viral infections through modulation of the cellular innate immunity and reprogramming of metabolism. In turn, hepatitis viruses are able to modulate the morphodynamics and functions of mitochondria, but the mode of actions are distinct with respect to different types of hepatitis viruses. The resulting mutual interactions between viruses and mitochondria partially explain the clinical presentation of viral hepatitis, influence the response to antiviral treatment, and offer rational avenues for novel therapy. In this review, we aim to consider in depth the multifaceted interactions of mitochondria with hepatitis virus infections and emphasize the implications for understanding pathogenesis and advancing therapeutic development.

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Keywords hepatitis virus, mitochondria, pathogenesis, treatment
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/rmv.2075, hdl.handle.net/1765/118540
Journal Reviews in Medical Virology
Citation
Qu, C, Zhang, S, Li, Y. (Yang), Wang, Y, Peppelenbosch, M.P, & Pan, Q. (2019). Mitochondria in the biology, pathogenesis, and treatment of hepatitis virus infections. Reviews in Medical Virology. doi:10.1002/rmv.2075