Background: On the basis of earlier experiences in Germany and England, we developed an intensive multimodal group programme (FACT Plus) for psychotic-spectrum patients. By combining it with regular Flexible Assertive Community Treatment (FACT) (care as usual), we intended to reduce psychiatric rehospitalizations and mental healthcare costs. Methods: We included adult patients (>18 years) with a psychotic spectrum disorder who had had at least one psychiatric admission in the 2 years before inclusion. FACT Plus was delivered weekly for 9 months. The intervention group was recruited in northern Rotterdam (the Netherlands), and the control group was recruited in southern Rotterdam. The primary outcome measure was length of stay (LOS) and the secondary outcome measures were mental healthcare costs and compulsory admissions. Results: We included 52 patients in the intervention group and 61 patients in the control group. During the 12-month observation period, the mean LOS per patient was 15.2 (intervention group) and 34.6 (control group). This represents a difference of 19.4 days (56.1%). This result was statistically significant (B = -.859, SE =.497, p =.042) in a regression model correcting for baseline differences between the groups. Mean total mental healthcare costs per patient were €21,098 in the intervention group) versus €25,054 in the control group, a difference of about €4000 per patient (16%). In addition, there were zero compulsory admissions in the intervention group and nine in the control group. Conclusions: After the addition of FACT Plus to regular FACT, psychiatric LOS was substantially lower in the intervention group than in the control group. This result was accompanied by a limited reduction in mental healthcare costs.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Community mental healthcare, Group therapy, Mental healthcare costs, Psychiatric admission, Psychotic disorder, Severe mental illness
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2229-x, hdl.handle.net/1765/118700
Journal BMC Psychiatry
Citation
de Jong, M.H, Wierdsma, A.I, van Gool, A.R, & Mulder, C.L. (2019). An intensive multimodal group programme for patients with psychotic disorders at risk of rehospitalization: A controlled intervention study. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12888-019-2229-x