Purpose Mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 gene (IDH1) occur at high frequency in grade II–III gliomas (LGGs). IDH1 mutations are somatic, missense and heterozygous afecting codon 132 in the catalytic pocket of the enzyme. In LGG, most mutations (90%) result in an arginine to histidine substitution (IDH1R132H) providing a neo-epitope that is expressed in all tumor cells. To assess the immunogenic nature of this epitope, and its potential use to develop T cell treatments, we measured IDH1R132H-specifc B and T cell reactivity in blood and tumor tissue of LGG patients. Methods Sera from IDH1R132H-mutated LGG patients (n=27) were assayed for the presence of a neo-specifc antibody response using ELISA. In addition, PBMCs (n=36) and tumor-infltrating lymphocytes (TILs, n=10) were measured for T cell activation markers and IFN-γ production by fow cytometry and ELISA. In some assays, frequencies of CD4 T cells specifc for mutated peptide presented by HLA-DR were enriched prior to T cell monitoring assays. Results Despite high sensitivity of our assay, we failed to detect IDH1R132H-specifc IgG in sera of LGG patients. Similarly, we did not observe CD4 T cell reactivity towards IDH1R132H in blood, neither did we observe such reactivity following preenrichment of frequencies of IDH1R132H-specifc CD4 T cells. Finally, we did not detect IDH1R132H-specifc CD4 T cells among TILs. Conclusions The absence of both humoral and cellular responses in blood and tumors of LGG patients indicates that IDH1R132H is not sufciently immunogenic and devaluates its further therapeutic exploitation, at least in the majority of LGG patients.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Glioma · Low-grade · IDH1 · Neoantigen
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-019-03228-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/118789
Journal Journal of Neuro-Oncology
Citation
Weenink, B., van Brakel, M, Wijers, R., Smitt, P., French, P.J, & Debets, J.E.M.A. (2019). Lack of B and T cell reactivity towards IDH1(R132H) in blood and tumor tissue from LGG patients. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 144(1), 79–87. doi:10.1007/s11060-019-03228-6