Modern Implantable Medical Devices (IMDs) feature wireless connectivity, which makes them vulnerable to security attacks. Particular to IMDs is the battery Denial-of-Service attack whereby attackers aim to fully deplete the battery by occupying the IMD with continuous authentication requests. Zero-Power Defense (ZPD) based on energy harvesting is known to be an excellent protection against these attacks. This paper establishes essential design specifications for employing ZPD techniques in IMDs, offers a critical review of ZPD techniques found in literature and, subsequently, gives crucial recommendations for developing comprehensive ZPD solutions.

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Department of Neuroscience

Siddiqi, M.A., & Strydis, C. (2019). Towards Realistic Battery-DoS Protection of Implantable Medical Devices. In Energy-Efficient Approximate Least Squares Accelerator: A Case Study of Radio Astronomy Calibration Processing. Retrieved from