Background: A substantial group of patients visit the emergency department (ED) with complaints of urinary tract infections (UTI). Treatment advice is based on national and local public health surveillance data. It is unclear whether this advice is adequate for hospitals with selected patient populations, such as university hospitals. Methods: We performed a retrospective study on patients visiting the ED of the Erasmus University Medical Center (Erasmus MC) in the Netherlands from January 1st, 2013 until December 31st, 2014 with a suspected complicated UTI (cUTI) and positive urinary cultures. Patient data, data concerning the ED visit and microbiological data were analysed. Results: 439 patients visited the ED, of whom 429 had a cUTI. Our results were compared with NethMap data. Distribution of uropathogens was comparable with the overall distribution in the Netherlands. Antibiotic susceptibility was comparable for intravenous antibiotics, but was lower for oral antibiotics. Susceptibility for empiric antibiotic therapy (i.e., cefuroxime and gentamyicin) was 96.2%. Pathogens differed from the index culture in 56.2% 104/185) of the urinary cultures available from the previous year. Using logistic regression, we found that a shorter time between last admission to the initiated antibiotic regimen was associated with lower susceptibility of cultured uropathogens. Conclusion: The distribution and antibiotic susceptibility of uropathogens for intravenous antibiotics in a Dutch university hospital is comparable with overall distribution in the Netherlands. Empiric antibiotic therapy in our local guideline appears to be an adequate antibiotic regimen for cUTI and we therefore recommend treating patients accordingly. Extension of the chosen regimen based on earlier cultured pathogens is advised, and narrowing of the antibiotic regimen strongly discouraged.

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The Netherlands Journal of Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine

Wijting, I., Alsma, J., Melles, D., Schipper, E.M., & Klein Nagelvoort-Schuit, S. (2019). Urinary tract infections in a university hospital: pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility. The Netherlands Journal of Medicine, 77(6), 210–219. Retrieved from