Aims: Reliable evaluation of the severity and consequences of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is crucial to timely identify the need for pulmonary valve intervention. We aimed to identify the accuracy of echocardiographic parameters to differentiate between moderate and severe PR, using phase contrast cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as gold standard. Methods and results: In this cross-sectional study, 45 TOF patients with both echocardiographic and CMR measurements of PR were enrolled. All quantitative and semiquantitative echocardiographic measurements such as pressure half time (PHT), Color flow jet width (CFJW), ratio CFJW/right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) diameter, PR index and the presence of early termination of the PR jet, end-diastolic antegrade flow and diastolic backflow in main pulmonary artery (MPA), and PA branches correlated significantly with PR fraction on CMR. Qualitative assessment with color flow on echocardiography overestimated PR Multivariate linear regression analysis identified the ratio of CFJW/RVOT diameter and PHT as independent predictors of PR fraction. Accuracy of echo parameters was tested to differentiate between mild-to-moderate and severe PR Combining different echocardiographic parameters increased sensitivity and specificity. The addition of diastolic flow reversal in the PA branches to PHT below 167 milliseconds increased the NPV from 87% to 89% and PPV from 62% to 76%. Conclusions: Comparison with CMR confirms that echocardiographic parameters are reliable in predicting PR severity. Combined measurement of diastolic flow reversal in the pulmonary artery branches and PHT is reliable in the detection of severe PR in the follow-up of TOF patients.

, , ,,
Congenital Heart Disease
Department of Cardiology

Van Berendoncks, A. (An), van Grootel, R., Vletter-McGhie, J., van Kranenburg, M., Menting, M., Cuypers, J., … van den Bosch, A. (2019). Echocardiographic parameters of severe pulmonary regurgitation after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Congenital Heart Disease, 14(4), 628–637. doi:10.1111/chd.12762