BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown the existence of social inequalities in disability in many European countries. However, it is not clear what factors are associated with these inequalities. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of behavioral factors, work-related factors and living conditions to educational inequalities in disability. METHODS: We pooled data from the seventh wave of the European Social Survey (2014) which included self-reported disability measured with the Global Activity Limitations Indicator for 19 European countries. We used multivariate logistic regression to determine the contributions of behavioral factors, work-related and living conditions to educational inequalities in disability among respondents aged 30-79. RESULTS: We found that adjusting simultaneously for three groups of determinants (behavioral, work-related and living conditions) reduces the greatest proportion of inequalities in disability in both men and women, in a range >70%. Each group of determinants contributes substantially to explain inequalities in disability. CONCLUSIONS: Inequalities in disability are a major challenge for public health in most European countries. Our findings suggest that these inequalities can be reduced by diminishing inequalities in exposure to well-known health determinants.

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Journal European Journal of Public Health
Pérez-Hernández, B. (Bibiana), Rubio-Valverde, J.R. (Jose R.), Nusselder, W.J, & Mackenbach, J.P. (2019). Socioeconomic inequalities in disability in Europe: contribution of behavioral, work-related and living conditions. European Journal of Public Health, 29(4), 640–647. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckz009