The prevalence of allergic diseases in children is markedly increasing to epidemic proportions. The aim of this study is to describe the presence and examine associated parental and child characteristics of allergic sensitization and physician-diagnosed allergy in Dutch children at age 10 years. This study among 5471 children was performed in a population-based prospective cohort from fetal life onwards. Allergic sensitization was measured by skin prick tests. Physician-diagnosed allergy and parental and child characteristics were collected by questionnaires. In children aged 10 years, inhalant and food allergic sensitization was present in 32.2% and 7.1%, and physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergy in 12.4% and 2.3%. Maternal and paternal history of allergy, eczema or asthma was associated with increased risks of physician-diagnosed inhalant allergy (aOR (95% CI) 1.44 (1.23–1.70) and 1.59 (1.30–1.94), respectively), but not with food allergy. Asthma and eczema ever at age 10 years were associated with increased risks of physician-diagnosed inhalant allergy (4.60 (3.55–5.96) and 2.42 (1.94–3.03), respectively). Eczema ever at age 10 years was associated with an increased risk of physician-diagnosed food allergy (5.78, 3.04–9.52), with the highest risk of cashew (7.36, 3.20–16.94) and peanut (5.58, 3.08–10.10) food allergy. Conclusions: We found strong effects of parental history of allergy, eczema or asthma on the presence of physician-diagnosed inhalant allergy in children at age 10 years. Eczema ever at age 10 years was a strong risk factor for the development of physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergy.What is Known:• The prevalence of allergic diseases in children has markedly increased.• Early-life influences are critically important in the development of allergic diseases.What is New:• Maternal and paternal history of allergy, eczema or asthma is associated with increased risks of physician-diagnosed inhalant allergy but not with food allergy.• Eczema ever at age 10 years is associated with an increased risk of physician-diagnosed food allergy, with the highest risk for cashew and peanut food allergy.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Atopic diseases, Birth cohort, Children, Risk factors
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03441-5, hdl.handle.net/1765/119208
Journal European Journal of Pediatrics
Citation
de Jong, N.W, Elbert, N.J, Mensink-Bout, S.M. (Sara M.), van der Valk, J.P.M, Pasmans, S.G.M.A, Jaddoe, V.W.V, … Duijts, L. (2019). Parental and child factors associated with inhalant and food allergy in a population-based prospective cohort study: the Generation R Study. European Journal of Pediatrics. doi:10.1007/s00431-019-03441-5