Following scholarship that suggests that societies crave continuity in their collective memories, this article identifies recurring themes in American memories of Theodore Roosevelt as an intensely masculine leader, a champion of social justice, and a loveable character. Memories of Roosevelt since his death have not been static. Leftist scholars and activists have contributed to counter-memories of TR as chauvinist, racist, and a dangerous imperialist.
The interplay between memories and counter-memories of Theodore Roosevelt suggests that while cultural pluralism enables a multiplicity of memories to flourish within American society, it does not ensure that counter-memories expand beyond those who generate them. The resilience of memories of Roosevelt as a hero, champion, and friend is indicative of durable qualities in Americans’ selfimage.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.4000/ejas.13403, hdl.handle.net/1765/119276
Journal European Journal of American Studies
Citation
Hull, C.S.M. (2018). Hero, Champion of Social Justice, Benign Friend: Theodore Roosevelt in American Memory. European Journal of American Studies, 13(2), 1–21. doi:10.4000/ejas.13403