Trypanosomosis is a chronic parasitic infection, affecting both humans and livestock. A common hallmark of experimental murine infections is the occurrence of inflammation and the associated remodelling of the spleen compartment. The latter involves the depletion of several lymphocyte populations, the induction of T-cell-mediated immune suppression, and the activation of monocyte/macrophage cell populations. Here, we show that in experimental T b brucei infections in mice, these changes are accompanied by the alteration of the spleen neutrophil compartment. Indeed, mature neutrophils are rapidly recruited to the spleen, and cell numbers remain elevated during the entire infection. Following the second peak of parasitemia, the neutrophil cell influx coincides with the rapid reduction of splenic marginal zone (MZ)B and follicular (Fo)B cells, as well as CD8+ T and NK1.1+ cells, the latter encompassing both natural killer (NK) and natural killer T (NKT) cells. This report is the first to show a comprehensive overview of all alterations in spleen cell populations, measured with short intervals throughout the entire course of an experimental T b brucei infection. These data provide new insights into the dynamic interlinked changes in spleen cell numbers associated with trypanosomosis-associated immunopathology.

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Keywords cell-mediated immunity, neutrophil, Trypanosoma spp
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Journal Parasite Immunology
Deleeuw, V. (Violette), Phạm, H.T.T. (Hien Thi Thu), De Poorter, I. (Isabel), Janssens, I. (Ibo), De Trez, C. (Carl), Radwanska, M, & Magez, S. (Stefan). (2019). Trypanosoma brucei brucei causes a rapid and persistent influx of neutrophils in the spleen of infected mice. Parasite Immunology. doi:10.1111/pim.12664