Objective: Poor tissue perfusion/cellular hypoxia may persist despite restoration of the macrocirculation (Macro). This article reviewed the literatures of coherence between hemodynamics and tissue perfusion in circulatory shock. Data sources: We retrieved information from the PubMed database up to January 2018 using various search terms or/and their combinations, including resuscitation, circulatory shock, septic shock, tissue perfusion, hemodynamic coherence, and microcirculation (Micro). Study selection: The data from peer-reviewed journals printed in English on the relationships of tissue perfusion, shock, and resuscitation were included. Results: A binary (coherence/incoherence, coupled/uncoupled, or associated/disassociated) mode is used to describe resuscitation coherence. The phenomenon of resuscitation incoherence (RI) has gained great attention. However, the RI concept requires a more practical, systematic, and comprehensive framework for use in clinical practice. Moreover, we introduce a conceptual framework of RI to evaluate the interrelationship of the Macro, Micro, and cell. The RI is divided into four types (Type 1: Macro-Micro incoherence + impaired cell; Type 2: Macro-Micro incoherence + normal cell; Type 3: Micro-Cell incoherence + normal Micro; and Type 4: both Macro-Micro and Micro-cell incoherence). Furthermore, we propose the concept of dynamic circulation-perfusion coupling to evaluate the relationship of circulation and tissue perfusion during circulatory shock. Conclusions: The concept of RI and dynamic circulation-perfusion coupling should be considered in the management of circulatory shock. Moreover, these concepts require further studies in clinical practice.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Circulatory shock, Shock, Tissue perfusion, Microcirculation, Hemodynamic coherence, Resuscitation incoherence
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/cm9.0000000000000221, hdl.handle.net/1765/119366
Journal Chinese Medical Journal
Citation
He, H.W., Long, Y., Liu, D.W., & Ince, C. (2019). Resuscitation incoherence and dynamic circulation-perfusion coupling in circulatory shock. Chinese Medical Journal, 132(10), 1218–1227. doi:10.1097/cm9.0000000000000221